RAP: Read a paragraph or passage. Ask yourself, “What is the topic?” “What is the most important thing it tells me about that topic?” “What are the most important details?” Paraphrase, or put it in your own words.
POW, represents and emphasizes the importance of the planning process: Pick my idea and pay attention to prompt; Organize; Write and say more.
The TREE acronym is a memory and visualization tool that helps writers structure their essays: the Topic sentence is like the trunk of the tree that supports the whole argument; Reasons (at least three) are like the roots of the argument; Explain is a reminder to tell more about each reason; and finally, Ending is like the earth that wraps up the whole argument.
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