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Gaslighting: A manipulation tactic to gain power by attacking a person's sense of reality.
11 Red Flags of Gaslighting (psychologytoday.com)
The term "gaslighting" comes from the the movie "Gaslight," in which a man manipulates his wife into thinking she is losing her mind.
Gaslighting is a slow form of brainwashing that makes a victim question their reality.
Typical gaslighting techniques include denying something when there's proof, projecting onto others, and telling blatant lies.
A false dilemma, also referred to as false dichotomy, is an informal fallacy based on a premise that erroneously limits what options are available.
A: I'm not old! B: Only old people say that.
A: You're wrong. B: You're just saying that because you know I'm right and it scares you.
A: You're wrong. B: If I'm so wrong, why are you trying so hard to convince me I'm wrong, hmmm?
False Dilemmas, Absolutes, & Authorities
Either X is always right or X is always wrong.
If X is not 100% right, then X is 100% wrong.
- The argument is only as good as the authority of the arguer.
- You cannot separate the argument from the arguer.
- If the person is a criminal they can do no good.
- If the person is a saint they can do no wrong.
- If you don't know anything about X, nothing you say about X can be correct.
Name calling: Easiest and sleaziest form of debate.
Food for thought: Beliefs are templates, like stereotypes, that the brain uses to conserve energy.
“The most difficult subjects can be explained to the most slow-witted man if he has not formed any idea of them already; but the simplest thing cannot be made clear to the most intelligent man if he is firmly persuaded that he knows already, without a shadow of doubt, what is laid before him.” -Leo Tolstoy
PSYC 101 You cannot change beliefs with facts when those beliefs are not based on facts.
Circular thinking- I think I am right because I think I am right.
Emotional instead of logical reasoning: "The more you try to convince me I am wrong, the more I know I am right."
Self-inoculating belief: The harder you try to convince me that the people I love and respect (and their arguments) are wrong, the more it proves you (and your arguments) are not to be trusted.
Shorter FLICC from John Cook