There is a LOT of information out there. Sometimes we don't want to bother with the nuances, the shadows, the different perspectives. So, we add filters.
As we add filters to simplify the content - we get rid of the variation, the depth, the extra information that is hard to grasp.
Sometimes the filtering is fine It makes it easier to see similarities and patterns. However, sometimes we make assumptions, like white is snow. Sometimes we filter too much.
Quick What is 2 + 8?
If you answered 10, that is a System 1 - Jump to conclusion, type of thinking.
System 2 type of thinking would have you asking for the context.
1 cup 8 fl. oz. > 250 ml milk = 2.5 x 103 g = 257.5 g
1T cocoa = 7.38 g > 2 T cocoa - 2.0 x 7.38 g = + 14.76 g
272.26 g chocolate milk (hot cocoa) *Weight of mass would vary slightly depending on where you are located.
* "You would weigh very slightly more at sea level than at the top of a mountain, not enough for you to notice, but a measurable amount." according to http://www.physlink.com/Education/AskExperts/ae111.cfm
"You will weigh a tiny amount less at the Equator than at the poles" according to http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/about-us/42-our-solar-system/the-earth/gravity/94-does-your-weight-change-between-the-poles-and-the-equator-intermediate
This does not take into account the vapor pressure, air pressure, or ratio of the number of particles of solute and solvent in the solution. More on colligative properties at http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch15/colligative.php and https://www.le.ac.uk/se/centres/sci/selfstudy/particle05.html
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