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Evaluating Sources: Hoaxes, Fakes, & Other Tricks

Find out who is providing the content and why. Get information from different sources. Be skeptical.

Think before you re-post. You may be adding to the problem of fake news by sharing it without checking it out first.

Think “SHEEP” before you share.

Source - What are they About?  Follow the money.
History - Do they have a reputation to uphold? What do they risk?
Evidence - Saying something does not make it so.*
Emotion - Are they manipulating you with moral-emotional language?
Pictures - Visuals often bypass our critical thinking.

*"The most determined hoaxers or propagandists can use a network of sites or accounts to make a claim seem more widespread or well-supported than it really is."


"A group of researchers from MIT found in 2018 that stories that trigger an emotional response are shared way more than straight news stories. Added to that, neuroscientists have confirmed that we are more likely to remember stories that make us angry, sad, or laugh." Source (


Be skeptical of everything you see, hear, or read

Satire can include fake news that makes fun of the news.
Some fake news is not satire, however. 
Some fake news is intentionally misleading.
Some "real" news is unintentionally misleading. 

Incorrect or misleading news
slips into the social media stream
and people usually cannot distinguish
the "fake" news from the "real" news.

​Always evaluate the author and source.
Be skeptical. 
Check sources for accuracy.
Don't forward until you fact-check

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