Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Sweeteners: Sugar

PubMed Health Glossary

Terms to know
Carbohydrates
A molecule made up of one or more sugars. In the body, carbohydrates can exist independently or be attached to proteins or lipids.
Disaccharides
Any sugar, such as sucrose, maltose and lactose, consisting of two monosaccharides combined together.
Fructose
A sugar that occurs naturally in fruits and honey. Fructose has 4 calories per gram.
Galactose
A type of sugar in milk products and sugar beets. The body also makes galactose.
Glucose (Dextrose)
A simple sugar the body manufactures from carbohydrates in the diet. Glucose is the body's main source of energy.
Lactose
A type of sugar found in milk and milk products.
Maltose
Formed from the digestion of starch by amylase; converted to glucose.
Monosaccharides
Simple sugars. Carbohydrates which cannot be decomposed.
Oligosaccharides
A carbohydrate comprised of three to ten monosaccharides.
Polysaccharides (Glycans)
A large carbohydrate molecule. It contains many small sugar molecules that are joined chemically. Also called glycan.
Sucrose
A two-part sugar made of glucose and fructose. Known as table sugar or white sugar, it is found naturally in sugar cane and in beets.

Sweet Sources

chat loading...

About UsContact UsFVTC Terms of ServiceSitemap
FVTC Privacy StatementFVTC Library Services Accessibility Statement
Our goal is to be as unbiased as possible. Any commercial mentions on our website are for instructional purposes only.

Fox Valley Technical College • Library Services • 1825 N. Bluemound Drive • Room G113
Appleton, WI 54912-2277 • United States • (920) 735-5653
© 2022 • Fox Valley Technical College • All Rights Reserved.

The https://library.fvtc.edu/ pages are hosted by SpringShare. Springshare Privacy Policy.