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The Growth Mindset Works, but Not for Everyone
For high performing students who have low socioeconomic status, the growth mindset does not always work. ... may feel like their academic success is something special about them that sets them apart from their peers. Just telling them that hard work is what got them where they are may actually be de-motivating."
Warning: Effort is not enough
Carol Dweck Revisits the 'Growth Mindset'
A growth mindset isn’t just about effort.
Students need to try new strategies and seek input from others when they’re stuck. They need this repertoire of approaches—not just sheer effort—to learn and improve.
[If people] react to [student] mistakes as though they are problematic or harmful, rather than helpful. In these cases, [the students] develop more of a fixed mindset about their intelligence.
Carol Dweck: "The Growth Mindset" | Talks at Google
Teaching a Growth Mindset - Carol Dweck