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Open Access(OA) & OER: CC puts the "Open" in OER

No matter how easy it is to access and/or use a work, you still need to give credit to the author, through attribution or citation.
Creative Commons Licensing overlays Copyright, defining legal rights the copyright owner chooses to give away.

Creative Commons Licenses

Creative Commons has been around since 2002. The licenses that they provide are the foundation of OER. These licenses are an extension of copyright; they do not replace copyright. Therefore, if you share something under a CC license you still own the copyright but you've told others upfront how you'd like them to use your work. Every CC license requires that the user give attribution to the creator if they use the material.

  • Creative Commons licenses provide are the foundation of OER.
  • They are an extension of copyright; they do not replace copyright.
  • If you share something under a CC license you still own the copyright.
  • Adding a CC License to Copyright releases (opens) some of the copyright restrictions.
  • Every CC license requires that the user give attribution to the creator if they use the material.

Creative Commons (CC) Licenses

Copying a CC licensed work and sharing it: Must always provide attribution.

NonCommercial (NC) restriction: Do not use work for commercial purposes. 

No-Derivitive (ND) restriction: Do not change work before sharing. No (adaptations or derivatives) allowed. You may shift format from html to pdf or other format for usability.  If the underlying work is licensed under a NoDerivatives license, you can make and use changes privately but you cannot share your adaptation with others

Share Alike (SA): Must share copies or adaptations/derivatives using the same licence as original. This makes it harder to re-use works, because of incompatible licence restrictions.  If the underlying work is licensed under a ShareAlike license, then ShareAlike applies to your adaptation and you must license it under the same or a compatible license.

  • Copyrighted works: You cannot share copies of a work without permission of copyright holder, except in cases that meet "Fair Use" provision.
  • Creative Commons Licenses (CCL) with No-Derivitive (ND) restriction maintained - allows you to share copies of the original work without needing permission of original copyright owner - as long as you share the entire work without changing anything. 
  • "Fair Use" and Public Domain: Creative Commons Licenses (CCL) do not apply in circumstances where copyright does not apply. 
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