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Ethical Dilemmas and Decisions in Criminal Justice by
Call Number: HV7419.P65 2014
Publication Date: 2013-01-01
Corrections Today by
Call Number: HV9304.S528 2016
Publication Date: 2015-01-01
Criminal Justice by
Call Number: HV9950.S34 2016
Publication Date: 2014-12-24
The Primordial Violence by
Call Number: BF575.A3 S77 2014
Publication Date: 2015-02-26
National Academies Press (NAP): Free E-Books for online reading
Selected E-Books: Criminal Justice
Brodie's Bombs and Bombings : A Handbook to Protection, Security, Detection, Disposal and Investigation for Industry, Police and Fire Departments. by Bombs and Bombings is the definitive text regarding the construction of bombs and the motivation for bombings in the U.S. Although some law enforcement-sensitive material is excluded from this book, it still presents a thorough understanding of why bombs and bombings remain a constant threat. The chemistry of explosives and how such affects the performance of explosives are an essential part of the text. The reader is taken through a short course on explosive engineering and the chemistry of explosives. A brief history of bombings provides insight as to how improvised explosive devices were used to shape history and how the situations of the early 1900s are repeating themselves today. While many believe that suicide bombings are something seen only in the Middle East, this text explores the suicide bombings in the U.S. and the motivation of the bombers. Various profiles of several famous bombers such as the Unabomber and the Mad Bomber are reviewed along with other psychological issues that might inspire bombers. The use of bombs to disperse radioactive materials in the radiation dispersion device configuration is addressed along with the technique used to disperse chemical and biological agents with explosives. Booby traps, especially those targeting law enforcement, are explained, and methods to detect booby traps are developed to allow a rudimentary understanding of the process. Methods to identify clandestine laboratories manufacturing explosives or other drugs such as methamphetamine are identified providing the reader with an understanding of the items to identify and differentiate the types of laboratories. Numerous bombings are examined providing an insight as to why and how the attacks were successful. Mitigation techniques such as using alcohol resistant aqueous film-forming foam to suppress blast and fragment formation are explained along with deployment methods. The text is richly illustrated with photographs depicting IEDs, explosives, and booby traps to assist in the identification of suspicious objects, suspect packages, or potential mail bombs. The book provides and overview that those involved in law enforcement, security, and counterterrorism will find elucidating and beneficial in bomb-related operations and mitigation efforts.
Publication Date: 2015-11-23
Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice by This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice provides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished? What role should the police have in schools? This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policies—including registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice is not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice.
Publication Date: 2014-05-02
Controversies in Innocence Cases in America by This volume brings together leading experts on the investigation, litigation and scholarly analysis of innocence cases in America, from legal, political and ethical perspectives. The contributors consider the challenges faced by the exoneration movement, causes of wrongful convictions, problems associated with investigating, proving.
Publication Date: 2014-05-22
Crisis Intervention by In this exceptional new sixth edition, the author has retained the practical framework for offering immediate problem-solving assistance to persons in crisis. Therefore, the goal of this updated and expanded edition is to provide knowledge and methods applicable to particular crisis circumstances. Specific topics include: core concepts that are fundamental to all intervention efforts, crisis theory and the philosophy of crisis intervention, basic communication and problem-solving skills, suicide prevention, assistance for terminally ill persons, bereavement counseling, intervention with crime victims, rape counseling, negotiating with armed perpetrators, group strategies, family and marital interventions, disaster relief, case management, physical facilities, modes of contact, community relations, selection, training, and burnout prevention procedures. The handbook also details a review of the research on crisis intervention and how individual intervenors can build upon that knowledge. Numerous case examples presented in the handbook (with fictitious names) are based on actual occurrences the author has encountered. The techniques in this book are applicable to crisis centers, hotlines, Internet-based services, victim-assistance programs, college counseling centers, hospitals, schools, correctional facilities, children and youth programs, and other human service settings. The Study Questions at the end of each chapter are designed to serve as useful applications of crisis intervention theories and principles. Intended for caregivers whose work involves crisis intervention efforts, this is an informative resource for counselors, social workers, psychologists, nurses, physicians, clergy, correctional officers, parole and probation officers, and lay volunteers.
Publication Date: 2014-07-28
Crisis Intervention in Criminal Justice/Social Service by This expanded new edition continues to demonstrate and provide theoretical, analytical, and practical knowledge for first responders. Face-to-face interaction with the client/victim is part of the comprehensive approach advocated by the book, which requires interveners to assess the nature of a crisis and the condition of the victim in order to determine the appropriate course of action. The comprehensive balance of theory and practice presented in this book should enable the intervener in coupling his/her general knowledge of human psychology and emotional crisis with the specific and novel characteristics of various crisis situations. The text represents the work of national scholars who have expertise in criminal justice and social service issues. Their chapters focus on a Historical and Theoretical Overview, Ethics in Crisis Intervention Practice, Intimate Partner Violence, Police Response to Domestic Violence, Children in Crisis, Elder Mistreatment, Suicide, Crisis of Rape and Survivor Intervention, Death Notification and the Theory and Practice of Delivering Bad News, Terrorism and Crisis Intervention, and Mass Casualty Crisis Response and Communication. Helpful appendices in each chapter provide additional internet resources, as well as a complete Model Law Enforcement Code of Ethics and Social Work Code of Ethics. This new edition retains important information while providing current case studies such as the "Miracle on the Hudson River" crash, the mass shootings at Virginia Tech, the Boston Marathon bombing, and the Yarnell Hill fire in Arizona. This exceptional book is designed for firefighters, police officers, community service officers, correctional workers, emergency medical workers, probation/parole officers, protective service workers, psychological counselors, social workers, and victim assistance workers among others.
Publication Date: 2014-04-08
Crisis Negotiation for Law Enforcement, Corrections, and Emergency Services by This text focuses on operational theory and practice for negotiators by following a crisis intervention model for crisis negotiations. Its intent is to provide some depth and breadth of understanding for instructors, students, and line negotiators seeking excellence in the professional role of hostage crisis negotiator. The book is written principally to enhance negotiator confidence and competence, well-grounded in deliberate and effective use of self as an intervener and negotiator in critical incidents. The text seeks to provide a structure and framework for conducting negotiations. Major topics include: Rapidly establishing rapport and a collaborative relationship; conducting crisis, biopsychosocial, and lethality assessments; identifying the major problems or crisis precipitants; exploring feelings and emotions; generating and exploring alternatives; developing and implementing an action plan, with follow-up; hostage situations as crisis negotiations; suicide and assault with danger to self and others; and barricaded subject situations. The real amalgam of the art and science of the field of crisis negotiation is knowledge in depth and its skillful, practical application in the aid of others. This book is for those who want to be much more than just good enough. The text provides a valuable resource to all police and correction agencies, emergency rescue personnel, as well as medical and behavioral science professionals.
Publication Date: 2015-05-07
Developing Restorative Justice Jurisprudence by What are the requirements for a just response to criminal wrongdoing? Drawing on comparative and empirical analysis of existing models of global practice, this book offers an approach aimed at restricting the current limitations of criminal justice process and addressing the current deficiencies. Putting restoration squarely alongside other aims of justice responses, the author argues that only when restorative questions are taken into account can institutional responses be truly said to be just. Using the three primary jurisdictions of Australia, New Zealand and Canada, the book presents the leading examples of restorative justice practices incorporated in mainstream criminal justice systems from around the world. In conclusion, the work provides a fresh insight into how today's criminal law might develop in order to bring restoration directly into the mix for tomorrow. This book will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduate researchers and lecturers, as well as lawyers who work in the field of criminal law, criminologists, social scientists and philosophers interested in ideas of wrongdoing and criminal justice responses to criminal offending.
Publication Date: 2016-03-16
Digging for the Disappeared by The mass graves from our long human history of genocide, massacres, and violent conflict form an underground map of atrocity that stretches across the planet's surface. In the past few decades, due to rapidly developing technologies and a powerful global human rights movement, the scientific study of those graves has become a standard facet of post-conflict international assistance. Digging for the Disappeared provides readers with a window into this growing but little-understood form of human rights work, including the dangers and sometimes unexpected complications that arise as evidence is gathered and the dead are named.Adam Rosenblatt examines the ethical, political, and historical foundations of the rapidly growing field of forensic investigation, from the graves of the "disappeared" in Latin America to genocides in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia to post-Saddam Hussein Iraq. In the process, he illustrates how forensic teams strive to balance the needs of war crimes tribunals, transitional governments, and the families of the missing in post-conflict nations. Digging for the Disappeared draws on interviews with key players in the field to present a new way to analyze and value the work forensic experts do at mass graves, shifting the discussion from an exclusive focus on the rights of the living to a rigorous analysis of the care of the dead. Rosenblatt tackles these heady, hard topics in order to extend human rights scholarship into the realm of the dead and the limited but powerful forms of repair available for victims of atrocity.
Publication Date: 2015-04-01
The Eternal Criminal Record by For 60 million Americans a criminal record overshadows everything else about their identity. Citizens have a right to know when someone around them represents a threat. But convicted persons have rights too. James Jacobs examines the problem of erroneous records and proposes ways to eliminate discrimination for those who have been rehabilitated.
Publication Date: 2015-02-01
The First Responder's Field Guide to Hazmat & Terrorism Emergency Response by Have the contents of an entire hazardous materials and WMD first responder course at your fingertips when you need it most... at an incident. This handy field guide covers most of the operational level first responder competencies identified in NFPA 472 and 473, with guidelines to help you recognize and safely manage any hazmat incident or WMD event. It's the perfect companion to the Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG).The information is organized into fourteen chapters:1. The'Quick Reference Guide'contains a concise overview of your responsibilities as a first responder.2.'Recognizing and Responding to a Hazmat/WMD Incident'has detailed explanations and guidelines on each of the tasks listed in Chapter 1.3.'Labels, Placards, and Other Marking Systems'provides key points on each of the hazard classes and information on various other marking systems.4.'Container Recognition'provides clues about the types of products found in various containers and how these containers behave in an emergency. Look at both the general information about the type of container (nonbulk package, cargo tank, rail car, etc.) and specific information about the particular container(s) in question.5.'Assessing the Hazards'contains information on how hazardous materials cause harm, toxicological terms and exposure limits, properties of flammable liquids, chemical and physical properties, and guidelines for dealing with special hazmat situations.6.'Medical Management of Hazmat Exposures'has information on the risk of secondary contamination, patient decon, triage, health effects of hazardous materials commonly encountered, EMS treatment protocols, and medical support of hazmat response personnel.7.'Introduction to Terrorism'provides information on distinguishing a terrorist event from an accident and distinguishing between chemical and biological warfare agents.8.'Explosives Incidents'has information on how to recognize common explosives and initiation devices and guidelines on what to do upon discovery of a device or after detonation of an explosive.9.'Chemical Warfare Agents'has general information on how to deal with incidents involving chemical warfare agents, as well as more detailed information on nerve agents, blister agents, blood agents, choking agents, and riot control agents.10.'Biological Warfare Agents'provides general information on dealing with incidents involving biological warfare agents, as well as more detailed information on specific biological agents.11.'Nuclear Events'has information on dealing with incidents (intentional or accidental) involving radioactive materials.12.'Tactical Considerations'provides more information on defensive options and the use of foam.13.'Additional Considerations'includes guidelines on dealing with the media, minimizing liability, developing protective action messages, preserving evidence, and dealing with children.14.'Resources for Information and Assistance'provides information on various agencies that can help you manage a hazmat incident or terrorist event. Five previous editions were released in print form. The book was updated for this 2014 eBook edition.
Publication Date: 2014
Police, Power, and the Production of Racial Boundaries by Based on five years of ethnography, archival research, census data analysis, and interviews, Police, Power, and the Production of Racial Boundaries reveals how the LAPD, city prosecutors, and business owners struggled to control who should be considered "dangerous" and how they should be policed in Los Angeles. Sociologist Ana Mu#65533;iz shows how these influential groups used policies and everyday procedures to criminalize behaviors commonly associated with blacks and Latinos and to promote an exceedingly aggressive form of policing. Mu#65533;iz illuminates the degree to which the definitions of "gangs" and "deviants" are politically constructed labels born of public policy and court decisions, offering an innovative look at the process of criminalization and underscoring the ways in which a politically powerful coalition can define deviant behavior. As she does so, Mu#65533;iz also highlights the various grassroots challenges to such policies and the efforts to call attention to their racist effects. Mu#65533;iz describes the fight over two very different methods of policing: community policing (in which the police and the community work together) and the "broken windows" or "zero tolerance" approach (which aggressively polices minor infractions--such as loitering--to deter more serious crime). Police, Power, and the Production of Racial Boundaries also explores the history of the area to explain how Cadillac-Corning became viewed by outsiders as a "violent neighborhood" and how the city's first gang injunction--a restraining order aimed at alleged gang members--solidified this negative image. As a result, Mu#65533;iz shows, Cadillac-Corning and other sections became a test site for repressive practices that eventually spread to the rest of the city.
Publication Date: 2015-08-03
A Restorative Approach to Family Violence by This volume provides an essential update on current thinking, practice and research into the use of restorative justice in the area of family violence. It contains contemporary empirical, theoretical and practical perspectives on the use of restorative justice for intimate partner and family violence, including sexual violence and elder abuse. Whilst raising issues relating to the implications of reporting, it provides a fresh look at victims' issues as well as providing accounts of those who have participated in restorative justice processes and who have been victims of abusive relationships. Contributions are included from a wide range of perspectives to provide a balanced approach that is not simply polemic or advocating. Rather, the book genuinely raises the issue for debate, with the advantage of bringing into the open new research which has not been widely published previously. Given its unique experience in the development of restorative justice, the book includes empirical studies relating to New Zealand, contextualized within the global situation by the inclusion of perspectives on practices in the UK, Australia and North America. This book will be key reading for people who work with violent offending of a family nature as well as for those who are interested in the study of family violence.
Publication Date: 2014-06-28
Special Purchase E-Book: Peyote
Peyote: History, Tradition, Politics, and Conservation by This book explains the role that peyote—a hallucinogenic cactus—plays in the religious and spiritual fulfillment of certain peoples in the United States and Mexico, and examines pressing issues concerning the regulation and conservation of peyote as well as issues of indigenous and religious rights.• Explains the complete history of the peyote plant in the United States, presenting views from religions including Native American and Christian churches, the creation and evolution of U.S. law regarding peyote, state and federal legal protections since 1990, reasons for the plant's apparent demise, and arguments for its stronger protection • Identifies current peyote protective laws in Mexico and Canada• Documents how many U.S. residents, including Native Americans, commonly use peyote as a spirituality enhancer or illegal recreational drug within the United States, or do so as tourists when visiting Mexico...
Publication Date: 2016
Special Purchase: E-Book - A Framework For Understanding Poverty
Framework for Understanding Poverty: a Cognitive Approach by When viewed through an economic lens, poverty can be defined as an absence of resources. Since 1995, Framework's basic premise is that the middle-class understandings of those who work with children and adults in poverty are often ill-suited for connecting with and helping people build up resources and rise out of poverty. Now, 18 years and 1.5 million copies later, Framework has evolved into a comprehensive and coordinated network of publications, training, programs, and support (see front pages for a listing of related publications and resources) that encompass the key intersections of people in poverty with those who serve them, including: - Educators—from preschool to postsecondary - Social workers, healthcare workers, law enforcement, and judicial systems - Employers and business leaders - Communities of all sizes, including municipal and faith communities - Individuals, parents, and intergenerational families This revised, updated, and expanded edition of Framework: A Cognitive Approach features an enhanced chapter on instruction and achievement; greater emphasis on the thinking, communication, and learning patterns involved in breaking out of poverty; plentiful citations, case studies, and data; more detailed findings about interventions, resources, and causes of poverty; and a review of the outlook for people in poverty—and those who work with them.
Publication Date: 2013-07-01