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*LIST OERs by Program or Topic: Accessibility

For works not having a creative common license, you may link to the work as part of "Fair Use", but do not download and upload to your blackboard content. For Creative Common licensed material, follow licensing allowances.

Best Practices for Universal or Inclusive Design for Learning

Best practices:
Perceivable - read, watch, hear

  • Provide sufficient contrast between foreground and background but don’t use color alone to convey information. (Color blind or impaired vision.)

Operable/ easy Navigation - tabs, arrow keys, mouse

  • Visible keyboard focus:  border or highlight on hover or click.
  • Provide clear and consistent navigation options.
  • Provide easily identifiable feedback. (Make it obvious what is supposed to go into a form field.)

Understandable: KISS

  • Srceen Reader Access - Page read aloud is not annoying or confusing.
  • Ensure that form elements include clearly associated labels.
  • Logical content and heading hierarchy.
  • Use headings and spacing to group related content.


  • Remain usable as formats and devices evolve.
  • Device agnostic -  mobile, PC & IOS environments.


Device Agnostic: (Not based on a particular platform)  multi-platform functionality with no favored platform. Mobile - PC - IOS -Screen-reader

Dexterity: Alternatives to keyboard or mouse?

Executive Function: Provide time management tools & tips; Sequential instructions, organization and tutorials; Goals or Learning objectives as Key Concepts or Tabs

Learning Management: Teacher-led, self-led , or mix?

Language: Non-English speakers, dyslexia, hearing vs reading, fluency

Memory: Chunk information for easier learning and recall

Understandability: KISS - Consistency, lack of clutter (cognitive load), cues for next action, sequential and logical instructions

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