We are excited to announce the first ever WTCS CreateFest to develop Open Educational Resources for Medical Terminology! This CreateFest is made possible via generous funding from the WiLS Ideas to Action Fund and work of WTCS OER Champions, including Jane Roisum, Kelly Carpenter, Cindy Domaika and Vince Mussehl.
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§92. General Principles of Latin Compounds
Most Latin compound words and their derivatives can be divided into two classes: . . . Read more »
§93. Compounds Related to FACERE
Of all the verbs used to form Latin compounds, none has been more fruitful than facere, which appears in English in such forms as pacific (< pac-i-fic-us), pacify (< pac-i-fic-are), and pacification (< pac-i-fic-at-io). Here the first base is pax, pacis (“peace”), so that pacific means “peace-making.” The 1st conjugation verb pacificare is a regular . . . Read more »
In a course on classical roots in English, there are several good reasons to examine the Latin influence first, despite the historical priority of Greek. A primary consideration is the fact that Latin—directly, or through French—has had a far greater impact on standard English vocabulary, at every level of usage. In learning Latin roots, we . . . Read more »
Before reading this chapter, you may wish to review Part I, §91 and §92, where compound words were first introduced in the Latin section of our course. The fact that we are dealing with Greek compounds at such an early stage is a signal of their greater importance in English vocabulary, relative to Latin. English . . . Read more »
Appropriately enough, the “study of humankind”—anthropology—appears to be the earliest of the “-ologies” to have entered the English language, in 1593. Originally, it was used to describe human enquiry in the broadest sense; its modern application to a more limited field dates from about 1860. There are now hundreds of academic disciplines and other studies . . . Read more »
To a greater extent than in the 1st and 2nd declensions, the Greek 3rd declension contains many words that appear in English in exact or conventional transliteration. Some of these are proper names from religion and mythology: Ζευς, Προμηθευς, ’Οδυσσευς, ’Ατλας, Τιταν, Καλυψω, Κυκλωψ, Στυξ = Zeus, Prometheus, Odysseus, Atlas, Titan, Calypso, Cyclops, Styx. Many 3rd . . . Read more »
Summaries of the type just presented are always a little overwhelming. Let us look for some short-cuts and strategies for learning the list. Tackle first those prefixes that are obvious. In addition to the five we encountered in §131, you can deal easily with amphi- (“on both sides”) and peri- (“around”), which are quite uncomplicated. . . . Read more »
To illustrate our approach, let us take five different Greek verbs and show how a knowledge of their roots alone will help us understand a lot of English vocabulary. The present infinitive forms will also be listed, if only to prove that they are really irrelevant to English. Much more importantly, you’ll be given a . . . Read more »
ENGLISH GREEK AND/OR LATIN EQUIVALENTS healer G ἰατρος (adj. ἰατρικος) = L medicus (adj. medicinus, LL medicalis) medicare, medicatus; [ars] medicina treat G θεραπευ-ειν (adj. θεραπευ-τικος); θεραπεια (“treatment”) doctor < L doctor (docēre, doctus, teach) surgeon < G χειρουργος (χειρ, “hand” + ἐργον, “work”) > L chirurgus physician < G φυσικη τεχνη (physikē technē); cf. . . . Read more »
§139. Standard Medical Suffixes (all Greek)
The following will often be attached by the combining vowel -o-, as in rhin-o-plasty. -ist –istēs (–ἰστης) (creates agent noun; L -ista) –itis inflamed condition –ōsis abnormal condition –ōma morbid affection (a growth, L tumor) -iasis disease, abnormal condition -tomy –tomia cutting; cf. L incision– (caedere, caesus) -ectomy –ektomia cutting out; cf. L excision- -stomy . . . Read more »
The following lexicon should not be taken too seriously. It is a rough-and-ready attempt to match up names of human body parts and organs in English, Greek, and Latin. Any serious effort to learn anatomical and medical terminology should be a task of many weeks, even months; a two-page summary can only provide a glimpse . . . Read more »
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