Note that all Boolean operators must use capital letters.
|AND||to search for multiple terms i.e.will produce documents that contain both terms.|
|OR||to search for either one of a pair of similar terms i.e.will produce documents that contain either of these terms|
|NOT||to exclude a term from a search i.e.will exclude every search result containing the word "briefs"|
|" "||use quotes to search for a phrase i.e.will search for documents containing the exact phrase "love canal"|
|( )||to search grouped clauses to form sub queries i.e.will produce documents that contain either watershed or water rights and planning|
|~||to search for words within a particular proximity of each other i.e.will search for watershed within 10 words of planning|
|?||to search for words where there may be variations of the word that you want included in your search i.e.will produce documents that contain text or test|
|*||to search for a word with multiple character differences i.e.will return searches with the words brief, briefs, and briefed|
|Too many results?
Using proximity syntax (how close two words are to each other in text) can increase relevance.
|w/# or /#||to search for two words within a set proximity of one another, i.e. jury w/5 discrimination or jury /5 discrimination|
|w/s or /s||to search for two words within a sentence, i.e. jury w/s discrimination or jury /s discrimination|
|w/p or /p||to search for two words within a paragraph, i.e. jury w/p discrimination or jury /p discrimination|
|w/seg or /seg||to search for two words within a segment, i.e. jury w/seg discrimination or jury /seg discrimination
For more information and tips please review our Advanced Search Syntax Guide
Librarians are available: Email us at email@example.com
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